A database is a collection of data stored at one place and can easily be accessed and retrieved. The data can be in any format, it can either be an audio, video, numbers or letters. It is designed to provide an organized method of storing data and retrieving the data.
What is the purpose of database?
The main purpose of database is to store information for electronic devices so as to retrieve the same data from any other electronic device. The database may contain important documents and files and can be retrieved when necessary.
How information is stored in database?
Basically the information entered is stored in tables, these tables have a simple and organized way to input information. It has a similar appearance as Microsoft excel sheet or Lotus 123. There is also a facility to create fields like name, address, phone number etc.
What are different types of databases?
There are many kinds of databases that are differentiated by its way of storing and retrieving data. They are:
Document-oriented Database: It is a computer programmed design which is designed to store, retrieve, manage all the documents in a computer or any hardware like tablets, phones etc.
Embedded Database: These kinds of databases are generally developed by the end users. For instance collection of documents, storing files, spreadsheets, presentations, media files etc.
Graph Database: This kind of database does not use SQL to store information, instead graph structures are used. Graph structures are developed with nodes, edges and other properties to represent and store the information.
Hypertext Database: This kind of database is used to organize different types of information together. For instance they can be used to store encyclopedias.
Operational Database: These databases store the information of an organization in detail.
Distributed Database: In this database information is not stored in a CPU, it is distributed among the computers located in same area or distributed among the network for interconnected computers.
Flat-File: These type of databases are used for small amount of data which is readable by human and can be edited.
What is Database Hosting?
Database Hosting are services are delivered by hosting providers. They provide services which enable you to run database supported applications. In this, a server is exclusively used for database or a website as per client’s requirement. Database Hosting is mainly required for clients who use applications that need to run programs like Customer Relation Management and Enterprise Resource Planning. As those applications require more memory, clients choose database hosting to increase the reliability of the application.
What are different types Database Hosting software?
There are many software available for database management system as there are different type of database management system. There are three kinds of database management systems, they are: Hierarchical DBMS, Network DBMS i.e., Relational DBMS and Object-Oriented DBMS.
Most popular software among all the Database Management Software are MySQL, Maria DB, Postgre SQL, SQLite, Microsoft SQL Server, Oracle, SAP HANA, dBASE, FoxPro, IBM DB2, Sybase, Teradata, Informix, Ingres, Amazon’s Simple DB, LibreOffice Base and FileMaker Pro.
But the most commonly used Software are : MySQL and MS SQL.
MySQL: It is an open source relational database management system. It is the popular choice of database for use in applications and is widely used in LAMP which is the acronym for Linux, Apache, MySQL, Perl/PHP/Python.
MSSQL: It is developed by Microsoft Corporation. It is also widely used in web applications which are developed by ASP.net, ASP etc. It provides different versions of SQL Server for different uses with different features.
Benefits of Database Hosting:
A database server can store a lot of information and can be retrieved easily. The information stored can be retrieved in seconds, this increases the performance of an application. For Example, Google loads more than billion pages within seconds, this is due to database. Whereas a normal web server cannot retrieve data as fast as a database. As database is very important for an application it will have more RAM due to which its performance and speed increases.